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Spring is here and with it comes a new issue of planur-e. This is an atypical spring weather-wise, at least in Spain, where our magazine is produced, and the situation is not very different from other parts of the world. In the case of Spain, temperatures are in line with those of early summer and the drought has reached traditionally wetter places. The proverbial saying is no longer valid: "April is a thousand waters" seems to be a thing of the past. Rain is not expected, but the proverb is no longer useful for agricultural work either. There is growing concern in the countryside.

Data from the different hydrological basins and the state of the reservoirs have just been released. Most of them are at 30% of their capacity, which affects not only irrigation, every time the opening of canals is delayed and flows are restricted, but also the supply of water to cities is starting to worry. The good news, at least in our country, is that water consumption patterns per person per day are decreasing significantly. Citizens are increasingly aware that our future depends on the responsible use of water. But the other side of the coin is that while daily consumption is converging towards 150 litres per person per day, tourists are consuming more and more, almost doubling that figure, which in a country where in recent weeks hotel occupancy rates have reached 90% in large areas, is alarming.

Tourism is a source of wealth. According to the latest data available in Spain, it represents 8% of GDP and 11.4% of total employment. Wealth that is not only economic but also cultural. We are moving away from the sun and beach model, moving towards environmental and heritage tourism, which is essential for territorial rebalancing, not only in our country but worldwide. This calls for tighter tourism policies and a more demanding environmental approach, from the territory to the local level. Both citizens and tourists no longer set limits to the objectives of their movements and use of space. Some of the projects presented here are designed to meet these new requirements.

The first article presents one of the sections of what will be the future Metropolitan Forest of Madrid, whose objective is to connect the consolidated city with the natural spaces of the region. In this case it is about presenting Lot 2, located to the east of the city. It is proposed as a project that aims to generate "urban articulation structures of great natural and landscape value, alternatives to the existing ones", with special emphasis on environmental aspects through the improvement of pre-existing spaces such as the Cerro de Almodóvar and the Ambros lagoons or the planning of a Forest Avenue that will guarantee sustainable mobility. Of great importance in the action in this area of the city are the measures proposed to overcome the infrastructure barriers, for which different eco-duct solutions are proposed.

With far-reaching objectives in mind, the Bogotá Reverdece article presents a Territorial Planning Plan that seeks to rebalance and overcome inequalities, proposing the concept of a caring city working on three fronts: care for the planet, care for people and care for democracy. An ambitious plan with the character of guidelines for future development in all areas, while at the same time descending to the scale of proximity with the creation of 33 Local Planning Units, which become strategic projects, proposing what they call detonating projects in each of these units.

The third project in Baix Llobregat proposes an innovative approach based on sporting activity. With the aim of dynamising the region, it is presented with a methodological content that could unite the classic methodology of strategic planning with the dimensions of a citizen innovation laboratory, with the active participation of the 30 municipalities that make up the region, with very different characteristics. To this end, seven work areas were identified that linked sport with aspects as diverse as the environment or economic development, under the premise of an active region, in order to define an eminently collaborative plan, as an element of dynamisation through the concept of "open innovation for sport".

The following two projects have a common note. Both have the status of being regeneration projects, but they are very different in nature. The first is a work in an emblematic area of the city of Toulouse, around the splendid Romanesque church, and the second concerns a run-down industrial area.

The Saint Sernin project aimed to create a space that would allow the social character, biodiversity and grandeur of the monument to be restored within a wider operation, the Master Plan for the regeneration of the Centre of Toulouse, and so the article becomes an approach to the wide repertoire of projects carried out in recent years that have involved the transformation and enhancement of the historic centre and the complete renovation of the unique public space around the basilica.

The other project takes advantage of a degraded industrial area and a river course, with the intention of generating a public space. The project "takes the form of a flooded park with native species of the Mediterranean forest, acting as protection for the adjacent urban landscape and as an ecotone of natural values".

The Koliivshchyny Square project in Lviv allows us to learn about the approach to the design of a small square in the old Jewish quarter, working on the basis of archaeological excavations. The idea was to identify the different layers of its history and make them visible in a project in which special attention is paid to the function of centrality and therefore to accessibility, to street furniture and, to a greater extent, to vegetation to create a microclimate.

The Prado Centro neighbourhood park is a unique project because of the way it deals with the previous situation of the site, a difficult place where we are told that "plant, animal and human populations are linked around the reuse of materials". Thus, the interest of the project focuses on giving a new meaning to the pre-existence through three specific actions: not demolishing in order to reuse, changing the treatment of runoff water to enhance the existing vegetation and, thirdly, rescuing vernacular building traditions. This is a project in which sustainability takes centre stage from multiple approaches, taking advantage of an abandoned built space.

The issue thus continues its usual trajectory, providing an approach to the different scales from different points of view, with the introduction of innovative elements that dynamise the professional activity of those involved in the territory and the city, in a continuous process of adaptation to the challenges that arise.

María A. Leboreiro

Nota Legal
Directora: María A. Leboreiro Amaro, Dra. Arquitecto. Profesora Titular de la E.T.S. de Arquitectura de Madrid
Secretario de dirección: Alberto Leboreiro Amaro, Dr. Arquitecto
Secretario de redacción: David Hidalgo Pérez, Arquitecto
Consejo de redacción:

Miquel Adriá, director de la revista Arquine

Carmen Andrés Mateo, Arquitecta. Profesora Asociada de la E.T.S. de Arquitectura de Madrid

José Mª Ezquiaga Dominguez. Dr. Arquitecto. Profesor Titular de la E.T.S. de Arquitectura de Madrid

José Fariña Tojo. Dr. Arquitecto. Catedrático de la E.T.S. de Arquitectura de Madrid

Fernando Fernández Alonso. Arquitecto. Profesor Asociado de la E.T.S. de Arquitectura de Madrid

Josep Mª Llop Torne. Arquitecto. Profesor en la Facultad de Geografía de la Universidad de Lleida

Llanos Masiá González, Arquitecta. Profesora Asociada de la E.T.S. de Arquitectura de Madrid

Javier Ruiz Sánchez. Dr. Arquitecto. Profesor Titular de la E.T.S. de Arquitectura de Madrid

Edita: planur-e
Vergara, 12 4ºB Centro
28013 Madrid
Traducción: planur-e
ISSN: 2340-8235
Copyright: (2013): planur-e
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Planur-e: www.planur-e.es es una revista digital editada en España en materias de territorio, urbanismo, sostenibilidad, paisaje y diseño urbano. Nació con el objetivo de exponer buenas prácticas dando voz a los profesionales, planteando que sean los propios autores de los trabajos quienes los presenten. Se colabora así a su difusión, al tiempo que se ofrece, a aquellos que se aproximan al proyecto, la oportunidad de ver otras formas de trabajar y contrastar sus propias reflexiones y propuestas. Planur-e por sus características pretende llenar un hueco, dada la escasez de publicaciones en estas materias. Alcanza en este momento su número diez, con un planteamiento monográfico y da, al tiempo, en su Miscelánea cabida a múltiples temas. Cuenta ya con un número importante artículos alrededor de 150, hasta el momento, y con autores de muy distintos países, lo que enriquece su tarea de divulgación.

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