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A journal should be a reflection of the street. This could be an idea, but reality is stubbornly imposing itself. It is no longer only nature that is impregnating the discourse of the projects, not only as a support but also as an integrating element of many others. New things are no longer being done, although in themselves we are talking about innovative actions. We intervene in what already exists, whether it has been profoundly or slightly intervened by man, and so renaturalisation is followed by revegetation, concepts to which are added regeneration or revitalisation, always concluding in requalification. It is up to the readers to see to what extent these concepts become facts and to what extent their use or interpretation improves our environment.

The presentation of this issue shows that little by little, although this is not new, an intention of pedagogy is appearing when facing projects, and also something that was being lost, the faith in planning and in planning as a result, reappears, even though the approaches are changing and more and more it is the landscape, in all its scales, that is acquiring protagonism in the design of the different territories understood in a broad sense.

In this issue we are going to look at two works with the same origin and a different evolution, but with similar objectives in a similar environment. The first, called Barrio avanzado de Vinival, offers us the transformation of an industrial neighbourhood in Valencia, La Patacona. Its transformation, like many others today, has been towards residential use and, like any spontaneous transformation, it had a large number of shortcomings. The intervention was undertaken on its last plot, the 12-hectare Vinival winery, which has an exceptional location linked to the signs of identity of the Valencian territory, the sea and huerta, and seeks to be a model piece of the city, in a strategic position in contact with nature. The project, based on the central position of the winery to be refurbished, is designed as a mosaic, minimising the road network and favouring soft modes of transport and the reservation of free spaces, with a variety of residential typologies and services, taking advantage of the landscape values of the site.

In the same territory, Comunitat Valenciana, we find another intervention in an industrial fabric, but, in this case, maintaining the pre-existing fabric. This is the case of the green infrastructure of the Paterna Technology Park, through the drafting of a Master Plan. Once again it is a project, in this case with the character of guidelines, in which the article offers an explanation of the methodology of the plan "focusing more on the tools and structure of the document than on the results".

Following what is on its way to becoming a tradition in the Netherlands, among many others, a project in search of km0 agriculture or urban agriculture is on display. In this case we find the proposal of the edible neighbourhood of Rijnvtat, in Utrecht. A participatory design that presents itself as the largest edible urban forest in the Netherlands, an edible and educational productive landscape. Located in a new residential area it is conceived to support forestry and food production, generating biodiversity and a strong sense of community. It integrates three key values: food production, public space for residents and renaturation. It enhances the ecosystem services of the area through water management, temperature reduction and air purification, with nature-based solutions that, through green and blue corridors, engage the city. The project emphasises the participatory system in which its monitoring proposes co-responsibility combined with an educational function.

A fourth project brings together two variables. On the one hand, the planning that is modified to redirect processes in a very sensitive area, the edge of the Collserola park in Barcelona. And on the other, the recovery of a stream with the aim of renaturalising it, proposing a hybrid ecosystemic space -natural-urban-. It is based on the commissioning of a planning modification and a subject: the Riera. The aim is an urban structuring that integrates the territory, the neighbourhood and the environmental heritage values of the place. The size of the space and the sensitivity of the territory made it necessary to carry out a territorial diagnosis of the entire Sant Just valley, which runs through different municipalities and has very different sections, from protected areas to urban and degraded areas. This leads the drafters to speak of the "need for a new environmental urban vision" that should give rise to a large-scale river park, in which the analysis must lead to specific objectives that guide the new planning, so that the development arises from the place itself, which highlights the methodology used until the planning is made concrete with the legal tools available.

This issue presents two actions related to the recovery and requalification of heritage. In both cases, with the valuation of controlled tourism as a means for the survival of rural areas as active places. In the first case, it is a singular project, born from the singularity of the starting point. We are talking about the restoration of cave churches and the improvement of the Archaeological Park of Murgia Timone in Matera (Italy) as an initiative of this city as European Capital of Culture, to enhance the continuity of settlements from prehistoric times, through punctual and linear interventions, through a proposal that seeks to become "a model for the enhancement of tourism compatible with the nature of the places and the architectural-landscape heritage". This theme is clearly linked to the current debates on the massification of tourism and the effects on the society that receives this tourism, which leads to the concept of tourist carrying capacity, until now very much neglected, linked to the concept of tourism sustainability (EC, 2003). Thus, places are appearing that can die a death by success, which calls for the emergence of new proposals that diversify the offer and therefore the destinations, distributing tourists, while at the same time making territories visible and defending their qualities by enhancing them with minimal intervention, hence the value of the model intended in this action, which combines history, architecture and landscape by means of routes.

The other intervention is in Morella Castle and highlights the capacity of the built heritage to recover itself and acquire new functions that contribute to completing the urban structure. In this case, we are also talking about an architecture that dominates the city and that, thanks to this intervention, is interconnected, democratised and permeabilised through the use of open spaces, routes and cultural activities. It is based on the consolidation of the castle to create a new system of relations with the city where the design acquires a presence linked to the intervention decisions based on minimal but painstaking actions that respond to the passage of history, allow the landscape to be enhanced from its predominant position in the landscape, while creating meeting points and spatial articulation.

The Campanha Intermodal Terminal Natural Park (Porto) is designed as a different proposal within the characterisation of the urban landscape and can act as an inspiration for other intervention projects in railway areas, the object of multiple projects in the field of urban regeneration, which maintain the arrival of the train to the city centre and intervene by crossing barriers and sewing urban fabrics, creating transversalities while improving the urban image, based on the creation of green roofs. In this case, in an intermodal terminal, the project is committed to the "contemporary renaturalisation of the territory, complementing functionality with the possibility of enjoyment and contemplation and the landscape". The result is the construction of an urban park through an intelligent use of the different topographical and architectural levels, the result of the confluence of the architect and the landscape architect, working on the issues of social ecology, biodiversity and ecosystemic services to create a new landscape.

The work carried out at the Navarro Villoslada Secondary School in Pamplona raises something which, in principle, may seem alien to the objectives of this magazine, but its interest lies in its educational value. In this way, concepts that are used on a daily basis, such as sustainability, take root in the population at the educational stage, thus creating a basis for tackling the problems that, in the not too distant future, will undoubtedly continue to pose us in the not too distant future. Thus, in this institute they have been working on a game board of sustainable strategies for educational centres, making the educational space a place of learning and dissemination that focuses on the objectives of ecological transition, spatial transformation of the centre and educational innovation in terms of sustainability.

In reading this issue we will find the concepts presented at the beginning, approached from different points of view, but which are here to stay.




Nota Legal
Créditos
Directora: María A. Leboreiro Amaro, Dra. Arquitecta
Secretario de dirección: Alberto Leboreiro Amaro, Dr. Arquitecto
Secretario de redacción: David Hidalgo Pérez, Arquitecto
Consejo de redacción:

Miquel Adriá, director de la revista Arquine

Carmen Andrés Mateo, Arquitecta

José Mª Ezquiaga Domínguez, Dr. Arquitecto. Profesor Titular de la E.T.S. de Arquitectura de Madrid

José Fariña Tojo, Dr. Arquitecto. Catedrático Emérito de la E.T.S. de Arquitectura de Madrid

Fernando Fernández Alonso, Arquitecto

Josep Mª Llop Torné, Arquitecto. Profesor en la Facultad de Geografía de la Universidad de Lleida

Llanos Masiá González, Arquitecta

Javier Ruiz Sánchez, Dr. Arquitecto. Catedrático de la E.T.S. de Arquitectura de Madrid

Edita: planur-e
Vergara, 12 4ºB Centro
28013 Madrid
Traducción: planur-e
ISSN: 2340-8235
Copyright: (2013): planur-e
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Planur-e: www.planur-e.es es una revista digital editada en España en materias de territorio, urbanismo, sostenibilidad, paisaje y diseño urbano. Nació con el objetivo de exponer buenas prácticas dando voz a los profesionales, planteando que sean los propios autores de los trabajos quienes los presenten. Se colabora así a su difusión, al tiempo que se ofrece, a aquellos que se aproximan al proyecto, la oportunidad de ver otras formas de trabajar y contrastar sus propias reflexiones y propuestas. Planur-e por sus características pretende llenar un hueco, dada la escasez de publicaciones en estas materias. Alcanza en este momento su número diez, con un planteamiento monográfico y da, al tiempo, en su Miscelánea cabida a múltiples temas. Cuenta ya con un número importante artículos alrededor de 150, hasta el momento, y con autores de muy distintos países, lo que enriquece su tarea de divulgación.

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